The production of student learning videos (or blog posts) is one method to stimulate the construction of knowledge. Students have to search information and to understand their topic very good to produce a video.
The method ‘learning by teaching’ (Martin, 2008) is combined with flipped classroom. The students produce a video instead of making a presentation for their classmates. Learning by teaching would include further a peer to peer process, in which the students would organize the lesson and support their classmates in the learning process.
In this scenario the students often only produce the videos while the teacher facilitate the setting of the learning process and video production.
Blogging in academic classrooms can be used to increase knowledge, communication and confidence. A blog can be a place where all the bits and pieces students create and explore in the online and offline world can be housed. This could include videos, podcasts, graphic designs, articles, links etc.
First the teacher gives a summary about the milestones (information phase, writing the script, preparation, production and post-production).
The teacher also should work out criteria of good learning videos and hand them out to the students, before starting. The teacher can also introduce technical terms of video production.
The production of the videos can take place in class or as homework. The teacher should give feedback to the scripts before production.
If the videos should be published the teacher gives an introduction of copyright and checks the compliance. If students need pictures, music or text, it is easier to produce this by themselves or use creative commons.
In the preparation phase the students practice their text and check the technique (video and audio!). It is important to have enough light, to put the camcorder (smartphone or tablet) on a tripod and to have good audio (use an external microphone or an audio recorder). If the recording is without mistakes, post-production is not necessary. The post-production can be realized easily with the script and notes taking while producing.
Finally there is a presentation of the videos and feedback structured by criteria by peers and the teacher (maybe with assessment). For publishing the videos it is important that the quality is good and that copyrights are checked.
Self assessment, peer assessment, teacher assessment.
The Learning and Technology Library Constructing Knowledge via Digital Video – A Literature Review
Flip Your Class Design Pattern
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eLene4Life supports curriculum innovation in higher education (HE) through the development of active learning approaches for transversal skills, with the ultimate aim of improving students’ employability.
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